“London is a capital of Great Britain”. Everyone who has ever studied English knows this phrase. However, not everyone was lucky to see London with their own eyes. I suggest you become one of these lucky ones and plan your trip to the royal capital.
London is a very large city, it has more than 8 million people. In this famous city there are so many sights and unique monuments of architecture that it is simply impossible to see all the interesting places in one day. I advise you to plan your trip to England in advance and book your room in advance. The choice of hotels here is very big, the easiest way for choose the option that suits you is here – https://www.booking.com
The main attractions of London are known all over the world, so I suggest you pay attention to the most top tourist places. Believe me, after visiting London, you will have enough impressions for a lot of time ahead.
I note that all the important places in London are not far from the metro, so it makes sense to purchase a ticket for several days at once. For example, Travelcard for all kinds of transport for three days will cost from 15 to 40 pounds (depending on the zone and time of travel), children’s unlimited ticket is twice cheaper. By the way, the London metro is one of the largest in the world: 270 stations on 11 lines with a total length of 400 km!
So, what to see in London first of all?
Tower of London
Fortress Tower of London is one of the main symbols of London and the whole of Britain with its millennial history. The fortress contains many stories and mysterious legends. And this is not surprising, because the Tower was not only the residence of kings, but there were also a prison, a zoo, a mint, a royal arsenal and much more. Today the Tower of London looks almost the same as in the 11th century. Its main purpose is a museum in which the treasures of the British crown are stored. If you go on an excursion to the Tower, then as guides you will be met by English guards. They are dressed in dark-blue uniforms of the Victorian era, and on festive dates – in luxurious suits of the Tudor era, which gives the tour a special charm and authenticity.
The nearest metro stations are Tower Hill station (District Line) and London Bridge (Northern Line). The cost of an adult ticket is from 20 pounds, for children from 5 to 15 years old – about 10 pounds.
Right above the Tower Fortress is the famous Tower Bridge, which is a brilliant example of Victorian engineering. Just imagine: the bridge is bred 2-3 times a day, passing huge ships on the Thames, as several centuries ago! The upper gallery of the bridge is used as a viewing platform, where an amazing view of the city opens. There is also a museum here.
The nearest metro stations are Tower Hill station (District Line) and London Bridge (Northern Line). Entrance to the museum costs about 10 pounds, for children from 5 to 15 years old – 4 pounds.
The clock tower of the Palace of Westminster in London is known all over the world as Big Ben. Curiously, this huge clock has global significance: officially the new year on planet Earth begins with the first strike of Big Ben on January 1. In the very House of Parliament, there are the oldest in the world the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Tourists can see how parliamentary debates are held, committees work, and also walk through the labyrinths of the palace, observing the beauty of Gothic architecture.
The nearest metro station: Westminster station (Jubilee Line). Cost of the tour is up to 15 pounds.
The London Eye is a giant ferris wheel on the south bank of the Thames, 135 m high. The wheel rotates in 30 minutes. Therefore, all the people sitting in the cabins, have time to enjoy the wonderful view of London, literally from a bird’s eye view. This one of the city’s most modern and most popular attractions allows to simultaneously receive up to 800 visitors! But be ready for the fact that you, most likely, will have to endure a huge queue for tickets, so I advise you to buy them online in advance.
The nearest metro stations are: Westminster station (Jubilee Line, District and Circle Lines), Embankment station (Northern Line, Jubilee line, Bakerloo line, District and Circle lines), Charing Cross station (Northern line, Bakerloo line). The standard ticket costs 23.5 pounds, the children’s ticket is 17.5 pounds.
I knowingly called London the royal capital, because there is one of the few in the modern world of operating royal palaces – Buckingham Palace. The residence of Her Majesty is open for visitors only in August and September, when the queen leaves the palace. The palace area with a garden is about 20 hectares, it has its own police station, two post offices, a hospital and as many as 775 rooms decorated with paintings by Michelangelo, Raphael, Rubens, Van Dyck, Vermeer and Rembrandt. Changing the guard at Buckingham Palace is one of the most recognizable ceremonies in the world, it takes place daily at 11:30 from April to August, and the rest of the year – every other day. A lot of tourists gather to see this spectacle.
The nearest metro stations: Victoria Station (Victoria Line, District and Circle Line), St. James Park Station (District and Circle Line), Hyde Park Corner station (Piccadilly line). Cost of the tour is from 20 pounds.
Trafalgar Square is an area in the center of London, where three main Westminster streets intersect. In the center of the square there is the column of Admiral Nelson, surrounded by huge sculptures of lions and fountains. Also on this square there is the famous London National Gallery, where you can enjoy the works of Van Gogh and Pablo Picasso absolutely free. Usually rallies and folk festivities are held on Trafalgar Square, and the main New Year tree of the country is established before Christmas right here.
The nearest metro station is Charing Cross station (Northern line, Bakerloo line).
In the Middle Ages, fruit and vegetable markets were located in the central square of this district, and now Covent Garden is a popular shopping place and tourist attraction, along with the Royal Opera House, also known as Covent Garden. Today the historical connection of the district with trade and entertainment continues. In Covent Garden there are 13 theaters and more than 60 pubs and bars. In Covent Garden there are also two interesting museums – the Theater Museum and the Museum of London Transport. It is never boring here, as street artists, dancers and musicians are always performing on the square.
The nearest metro stations: Covent Garden (Piccadilly line), Charing Cross station (Northern line, Bakerloo line).
St. Paul’s Cathedral
At the highest point of London, at Langate Hill, there is the grandiose St. Paul’s Cathedral. This largest Anglican church in Europe is the residence of the bishop of London and a burial vault for many famous people of Great Britain. By the way, the top of this cathedral almost completely repeats the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome and also has an external gallery, from which a beautiful panorama of London opens.
The nearest metro station: St. Paul’s station (Central Line). The cost of visiting the cathedral is 18 pounds, for children from 6 to 17 years old – 8 pounds. But on Sundays there are divine services, which you can visit absolutely free. However, it is strictly forbidden to photograph and shoot video in the cathedral.
The British Museum is the main historical and archaeological center of Great Britain and one of the largest museums in the world. Its exposition occupies 94 galleries, the total length of which is 4 km! However, you can see the main expositions for just a couple of hours. For example, the collection of Egyptian exhibits of the British Museum is considered one of the largest in the world. Here you can see the sculpture of Pharaoh Ramses II, the granite head of Tutmes III, the statues of the gods and stone sarcophagus, as well as the most valuable specimens of the Book of the Dead. The British Museum is also a national library, the funds of which contain about 7 million books. But the museum is rich not only with its exhibits collected from all over the world and from all historical times of the great British Empire, but also by the incredible architecture of the museum building itself, with an unusually beautiful glass ceiling, white marble columns and a huge staircase.
The nearest metro stations: Tottenham Court Road station (Central Line, Northern Line), Holborn station (Central line). What’s nice: the entrance to the museum is free.
Of course, in London there are many other interesting places that are worth visiting if you have free time. This includes Westminster Abbey, Hyde Park, Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum, Sherlock Holmes Museum, Oxford Street, Piccadilly Street, and SoHo District. It is simply impossible to describe everything in one article. It is necessary to go to London and see everything with your own eyes! Only after spending a few days here, you can sensate the unique atmosphere of this beautiful city. And create it little things. For example, traditional red telephone booths, black taxis and red double-decker buses. Or accepted among the British people “5 o’clock tea”. Actually, it was the English who invented tea with milk. So is not it time you to taste English tea in London itself?